Transactional Outbox Configuration

The Transaction Outbox is explained in the patterns section. This section covers how to configure the transactional outbox using any of the supported databases.

Bus Outbox Options

The bus outbox has its own configuration settings, which are common across all supported databases.

MessageDeliveryLimitThe number of messages to deliver at a time from the outbox to the broker
MessageDeliveryTimeoutTransport Send timeout when delivering messages to the transport
DisableDeliveryService()Disable the outbox message delivery service, removing the hosted service from the service collection

Entity Framework Outbox

The Transactional Outbox for Entity Framework Core uses three tables in the DbContext to store messages that are subsequently delivered to the message broker.

InboxStateTracks received messages by MessageId for each endpoint
OutboxMessageStores messages published or sent using ConsumeContext, IPublishEndpoint, and ISendEndpointProvider
OutboxStateTracks delivery of outbox messages by the delivery service (similar to InboxState but for message sent outside of a consumer via the bus outbox)


The code below is based upon the sample application

The outbox components are included in the MassTransit.EntityFrameworkCore NuGet packages. The code below configures both the bus outbox and the consumer outbox using the default settings. In this case, PostgreSQL is the database engine.

x.AddEntityFrameworkOutbox<RegistrationDbContext>(o =>
    // configure which database lock provider to use (Postgres, SqlServer, or MySql)

    // enable the bus outbox

To configure the DbContext with the appropriate tables, use the extension methods shown below:

public class RegistrationDbContext :
    public RegistrationDbContext(DbContextOptions<RegistrationDbContext> options)
        : base(options)

    protected override void OnModelCreating(ModelBuilder modelBuilder)


To configure the outbox on a receive endpoint, configure the receive endpoint as shown below. The configuration below uses a SagaDefinition to configure the receive endpoint, which is added to MassTransit along with the saga state machine.

public class RegistrationStateDefinition :
    protected override void ConfigureSaga(IReceiveEndpointConfigurator endpointConfigurator,
        ISagaConfigurator<RegistrationState> consumerConfigurator, IRegistrationContext context)
        endpointConfigurator.UseMessageRetry(r => r.Intervals(100, 500, 1000, 1000, 1000, 1000, 1000));


The definition is added with the saga state machine:

x.AddSagaStateMachine<RegistrationStateMachine, RegistrationState, RegistrationStateDefinition>()
    .EntityFrameworkRepository(r =>

The Entity Framework outbox adds a hosted service which removes delivered InboxState entries after the DuplicateDetectionWindow has elapsed. The Bus Outbox includes an additional hosted service that delivers the outbox messages to the broker.

The outbox can also be added to all consumers using a configure endpoints callback:

x.AddConfigureEndpointsCallback((context, name, cfg) =>

Configuration Options

The available outbox settings are listed below.

DuplicateDetectionWindowThe amount of time a message remains in the inbox for duplicate detection (based on MessageId)
IsolationLevelThe transaction isolation level to use (Serializable by default)
LockStatementProviderThe lock statement provider, needed to execute pessimistic locks. Is set via UsePostgres, UseSqlServer (the default), or UseMySql
QueryDelayThe delay between queries once messages are no longer available. When a query returns messages, subsequent queries are performed until no messages are returned after which the QueryDelay is used.
QueryMessageLimitThe maximum number of messages to query from the database at a time
QueryTimeoutThe database query timeout


(coming soon)